New York State Leash Law (Dog Laws Every Owner Should Know)

While New Yorkers may get a reputation as tough-minded, resilient people, it's clear that New York State has a soft spot for dogs. In fact, there are more than 600,000 dogs in New York City alone.

不幸的是,城市中如此之多的狗也带来了被狗咬伤的真实风险。据报道,纽约市每年有近4000起狗咬人事件,儿童和老年居民被狗咬的风险最大。

Given the prevalence of these bites and the risk to public safety, it stands to reason that New York State has implemented laws designed to reduce the risk of dog bites as well as other laws that improve the well-being of dogs and the state's residents. Here are the essential New York state dog laws every owner in the state should know.

狗隻牌照

纽约州要求所有4个月以上的狗都必须领取许可证。要获得这个执照,狗主必须提供当前的狂犬病疫苗接种证明,以及该狗已绝育或阉割的证明(仅在适用的情况下)。

因此,如果你打算在纽约市或本州其他地方养狗,你将被要求为你的宠物办理狗牌。如果你住在纽约市,可以从卫生和精神卫生局获得这个执照,而且这个执照也必须每年更新。

如果你的狗是护卫犬或服务犬,必须符合该市的其他标准。这些狗必须进行登记,如果丢失、被盗或所有权转让,必须在五天内向市政府报告。此外,护卫犬必须在项圈上佩戴其狗牌和市政府颁发的护卫犬标签。

这些规定是为了确保纽约同胞对护卫犬的认识,这有助于减少遇到危险犬的风险。

纽约州皮带法

New York State does not have a state-wide leash law, contrary to what some in the state may believe. Instead, these laws are independently determined by localities. For example, Albany requires dogs to be restrained by an "adequate collar and leash" controlled by someone at least 12 years old if they are on public property in Albany.New York City leash law, for its part, requires dogs to be on a leash no more than six feet long. It is also illegal to tie or chain a dog for longer than three hours.In effect, make sure that you are following your local area's leash laws since those are the laws that will inform what is lawful in your area.

纽约的绝育法

《纽约综合法》第377-a节概述了该州对动物进行绝育和阉割的要求。该法主要影响到猫狗的领养,要求动物收容所、人道组织和类似机构在将动物放行领养前对其进行绝育或阉割。

此外,领养这种狗的人必须签署一份书面协议,在领养后30天内或自动物满6个月之日起30天内对该狗进行绝育或绝育。

New York City also prohibits shelters from releasing dogs eight weeks or older for adoption unless the dog has been neutered or spayed. While exceptions can be made if a veterinarian finds that such a procedure could endanger the dog's life, but generally, adoption will require spaying or neutering.

危險狗隻法例

虽然各县和地方可能有自己的危险狗法,但对于可能被归类为危险的狗,有全州性的法律。纽约州的法规规定,目击犬只攻击或威胁攻击的人可以向有关市镇的犬只管理官员或警察投诉。

如果有人作出投訴,有關人員必須立即通知投訴人,他們有權基於這些理由展開法律程序。如果该官员有理由相信该犬是危险的,他们会自行启动诉讼程序。

国家还实施了冗长的标准,以确定当出现这些事件时,狗是否应该被宣布为危险。

如果狗的主人错误地让狗咬人,可能会受到民事处罚。如果狗被认为是危险的,"危险的狗"的主人将对该狗造成的伤害所产生的所有医疗费用承担严格责任。

国家法律将危险犬定义为有下列行为之一的狗:

  • 无正当理由攻击人或另一伴侣动物,并造成身体伤害或死亡。
  • 其行为方式让有理智的人认为会对人或其他伴侣动物造成迫在眉睫的、严重的和不合理的严重伤害或死亡威胁。
  • 无正当理由攻击服务犬、导盲犬或助听犬并造成身体伤害或死亡

而且,如果主人疏忽地让之前被宣布为危险的狗造成"严重伤害",那么可能会受到刑事处罚。纽约州对严重伤害的定义是:1:

  • 死亡原因
  • 带来死亡风险
  • 导致毁容
  • Impairs someone's health or function of bodily organs in a protracted manner

如果你被狗攻击了该怎么办?

If you believe an owner's actions have caused you to suffer from a dog bite or a dog attack, you need to take steps to protect your legal rights allowed under New York State law. If you have questions about your legal options, a New York premises liability lawyer can help you understand your next steps.

What steps should be taken after a dog bite? First, you will need to report the bite, which you can do by calling 311. From there, talk to a New York dog attack lawyer who will help you navigate the legal process and will ensure your rights are protected as a dog bite victim.

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Howard Raphaelson
Howard A. Raphaelson在1992年从Benjamin N. Cardozo法学院毕业后,创立了Raphaelson & Levine Law Firm, P.C.。他的人身伤害律师事务所成立于纽约州的纽约市,他的律师事务所已经获得了许多百万美元的判决。凭借超过25年的人身伤害律师经验,他赢得了同行、法官和高层领导的信赖,包括被评为"超级律师"(汤森路透)和"纽约最佳律师"(纽约杂志)的前5%伤害律师。
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